Under guidance from Sri Bhagavan, Prof. N.R. Krishnamuti Aiyar, with awe, wonder and devotion, made a selection of eight verses for his swadhyaya [personal study] from out of 1924 verses of the “RIBHU GITA ”. He took hand-written copies of those eight verses and was distributing them among earnest seekers and friends. During Sri Bhagavvan’s Birth Centenary year [ 1979-1980 ] it was my pleasure to have long and close association with the Professor who had kindly consented to stay at the Ashram guest house.
During those precious moments, I heard from him, for the first time, the glory and greatness of this invaluable treatise. I requested him to translate the whole work into English for the benefit of those who do not know Tamil. He expressed his inability.
However, he disclosed to me [ in 1981 ] that apart from the eight-verse-selection he had made, with the assistance and approval of Sri Bhagavan, he had also made a 27-verse-selection, which he was quite ready to translate, forthwith. It is our good fortune that the English translation was published in The Mountain Path in 1982. That article provoked great interest in the
readers and seeker-devotees in general. When such a fleet of appropriate appreciation was conveyed to the Professor, he further revealed to me that he had one more vaster selection, in his repertoire — a 122-verse-selection.
We were all very happy. The Professor too condescended to translate that enlarged version into English. This was brought out in a booklet form,with the title : “The Essence of Ribhu Gita ”, in 1984.
Today, I am happy to circulate among you — both the 27-verse-selection and the 122-verse-selection –- to each one, a copy each ! Please do keep these two copies with you and read them, with one-pointed attention.
The essence of and emphasis in the ‘ Ribhu Gita ’ is to proclaim the Truth that “the one who reads or listens to this great secret diligently and experiences it in its wholeness, ever abides as the SELF”.
It further asserts : “ Firmly abiding thus in the Self, one acquires the totality of all knowledge and achieves the successful completion of all endeavours and duties. In that state one should ever abide blissful and still.”
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TO SHIVA :
“Salutations to the Supreme Lord Shiva, the Pure Awareness in the Sky of Consciousness in the Heart, by meditation on whom, Ganesa, Subramanya, Mother Parvathi who is the Embodiment of Shiva’s Grace, and myriads of celestial beings, saints and devotees have attained their cherished spiritual Goals.”
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TO NATARAJA :
“From the Sky of Consciousness of the Heart springs forth the dancer Nataraja with His blissful consort Freedom, to the delectation of His devotees who aare thus Liberated forever. Unto that Ananda Nataraja do we render our devout salutations.”
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TO ARDHANAREESWARA :
“Unto that Form whose left half is the Mother of all manifestation and whose right half is the Father of the same, the jingle of the gems enclosed within the hollow golden anklet of whose foot is the source of all scriptures, and whose three eyes [ Fire, Sun and Moon ] are the illuminants of the universe, to that Form be our devout salutations. May that divine Form ever be our protection.”
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TO SHIVA, SHAKTI, GANESA and SUBRAMANYA :
“Salutations to Lord Shiva, the Lord of the Universe of Infinite Peace, to Sat-Chit-Ananda-Shakti, the Mother of the Universe of Infinite Power, to Ganesa, the dispeller of all impediments to Freedom, and to Subramanya, the Sat-Guru, who dispenses to His worthy devotees the Divine Wisdom of SELF leading to Salvation.”
The emphasis in all the above Benedictory Verses is exclusively on the SELF, expressed in the various Forms and Names of Hindu Gods. When each one of us have a body and a name, why doubt a God having a body and a name ? “Are you the body and mind only ?” asked the Maharshi, thus guiding us to transcend the limited reality of body and mind [name] and to be totally focused on the SELF. Name, form, world, Gods – all are reality only, viz.,sathyam. But, Sri Bhagavan emphasized that one should focus one’s attention on “sathyasya sathyam ” , the Reality behind all realities, the SELF.
Every religious treatise begins with an Invocatory Verse or Verses extolling and praying for the Blessings of the chosen God or Goddess. When Sri Bhagavan composed the greatest spiritual treatise of the millennium :
“Forty Verses on Reality” [ “Ulladu Narpadu” ], he wrote two devout Invocatory Verses. Look at the beauty of them :
(1) “Without the Reality existing, can there be a knowledge of existence ? Free from all thoughts, that Reality abides in the Heart, the Source of all thoughts. It is, therefore, called the Heart. How then to contemplate it ? To be as it IS in the Heart is Its contemplation .”
(2) “Those, for whom there is the intense fear of death, seek only
the feet of the Lord as their refuge, Who has neither death nor birth . Dead to themselves and their possessions, can the thought of death occur to them again ? Deathless are they.”
Both verses induce one to meditate on the Reality – the “I AM” within the Heart. True contemplation on the Divine – the Science of Inward Living – is to be always aware of the Reality of the “I AM” in one’s Heart . The ‘Ribhu Gita’ constantly induces one to be awake to this simple yet profound Truth. The greatness of the essence of the Maharshi’s ‘Direct Teaching’ is that it emphasises the need for putting it into daily practice !
How to put the Truth into practice while living an active worldly life, is an honest doubt in every seeker.
The Maharshi’s instruction is of supreme value. He guides us to actively assume the attitude : “All that is ‘seen’ are untrue and the ‘seer’ alone is the Truth.” While all the time abiding as and focusing one’s attention on “I AM”, all worldly activities can successfully be carried out, assures the Maharshi.
The ‘Ribhu Gita’ voices the same Truth :
“The universe was neither born, nor maintained, nor dissolved; this is the plain truth. The basic screen of pure Being-Awareness-Stillness devoid of all the moving shadow pictures of name and form of the universe is the sole, eternal Existence.” [Ch.2, v.33 ]
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“The universe of name and form, the embodied creatures and their creator, mind, desire, karma (action), misery and everything other than the SELF, are merely thought formations projected by the power of the SELF on its screen – the SELF.” [ Ch.5, v.25 ]
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“There never was a mind nor any of its countless forms like the world, jivas, etc. There isn’t the least doubt that all these are the form of the eternally undifferentiable Supreme SELF. This is the TRUTH. The one who listens to this great secret diligently and experiences it totally, completely, abides ever as and in the SELF.” [ Ch.5, v.28 ]
Now, look at the beautiful declaration of Bhagavan Ramana that he blesses us with, in the poem that he wrote, “The Nine Stray Verses” :
“ There is neither creation nor destruction,
neither destiny nor Free Will,
neither path nor achievement.
This is the Final Truth.”
— Verse 9.
“ Simple being is the SELF,” guarantees our Supreme Master !
V. Ganesan Bio
Born in 1936, up to the age of 14 years old, Ganesan grew up in the presence and proximity of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi. His sacred memory of the Great Master is rich in its content; and, even at that tender age he could see Sri Ramana as the greatest compassionate human being.
On April 14, 1950 – the day the Great Master chose to leave the body – the adolescent Ganesan stood near the entrance to the room where Sri Ramana was lying and was fortunate to witness the brilliant flash of Light that later moved towards the top of the Holy Hill – Arunachala.
Ganesan obtained a Master’s Degree in Philosophy; and, then came to stay permanently at “Sri Ramanasramam,Tiruvannamalai” – the sacred abode of Sri Ramana Maharshi – taking care of the Old Devotees of Sri Ramana. He did it as his sole sadhana (spiritual practice). In that way, he collected the reminiscences of Sri Maharshi from those Old Devotees which have never before been recorded.
His close contacts with sages and saints, including Swami Ramdas, Mother Krishnabai, J. Krishnamurti, Nisargadatta Maharaj and Yogi Ramsuratkumar, he says, have deepened and widened his understanding of the ‘Direct Teaching’ of the Maharshi. However, he feels himself to be an insignificant ‘dust’ at the Holy Feet of Bhagavan Ramana.
He has traveled widely and spread the ‘Direct Teaching’ of Sri Ramana Maharshi, in its pristine purity, wherever he was invited to give talks.
He has authored a few books on the life and teaching of Bhagavan Ramana. Among others, “Purushothama Ramana”, “Be the Self”, “Moments Remembered”, “Direct Teaching of Bhagavan Ramana” and “Practising Self-Enquiry” , are very popular.
At the veranda of his cottage – “Ananda Ramana” – he meets earnest seekers, every Monday and Thursday, between 9.30 and 11 a.m., sharing with them the spiritual treasure entrusted with him by all these holy and sacred souls.